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The Village of Silanus

Chiesa di Santa SabinaImmersed in an area of remarkable monumental richness, Silanus allows a dip in the ancient past of Sardinia, thanks to the Domus de Janas, the Menhirs, Tombs of the Giants and many Nuraghe of its territory.Chiesa di San Lorenzo

The most interesting monument in Silanus are the two Romanesque churches of San Lorenzo, built in the twelfth century by Cistercian monks, and Santa Sabina, with its original circular shape that is reminiscent of the near Nuraghe.

Silanus is a center with predominantly pastoral economy. Once, about 20 years ago, you could even find extractive activities , thanks to the only calcareous mountain in the area, the Mont'Arbu m. 697, overlooking the village. It was used since medieval times for the production of lime but it is no longer active.

The old town contains many interesting corners of the country, with old houses made of granite and a few surviving wooden balcony.

Along the main Street Corso Vittorio Emanuele you will find the parish church of St. Antonio Abate, in Catalan style (XVI century AC), with the nearby St. Cross (XVII century AC), on the other side of the street. Also interesting is the church of Our Lady of “ Itria”, of the early seventeenth century (XVII century AC), with ornaments in Thrace, and the Madeleine’s church ("Sa Madalena") located in the historic center and recently renovated.

Very important religious building is the church of S. Lorenzo, (XII century), located at the northern outskirts, surrounded by a fence, at the foot of Mont'Arbu. Founded as a dependency of the St. Mary Court Abbey in Sindia, a municipality far 30 km from Silanus, perhaps in connection with the exploitation of the quarry, has a good perimeter of trachytic and basaltic rocks perfectly worked, the simple facade, decorated with arches, surmounted by belfry; also a framework of arches runs in the apse. Inside are frescoes depicting the Saint and other religious scenes. In the courtyard, around 1920, were transported some interesting bethyls (sacred stones) from the Tomb of the Giants of Pedra Longa.

Along the old SS129 in the direction of Nuoro, on the left, a hill overlooking the road from the north, you will find the beautiful Madrone Nuraghe, 433 m (also referred Orolìo by the name of the place). The monument is easily accessible from a close pass with a specially designed path. Originally a complex plan, maintains the sleek two-storey tower, its height detectable at present (with partial burial) of 12.85 meters. Externally, the half-collapsed remains of the added trefoil body are barely visible, including the tower on the east side. The main hall, which is also buried, has a diameter of 4 m and a “tholos” ceiling more than 5 m height, the second hall has a diameter of 2.40 m with a height of 4.50 m. Access is by an opening of the rear wall as the original entrance is blocked, and you will identify two internal staircases.

Reaching the village by the new route SS129 Nuoro-Macomer, a little more than 2 km from the town, you can notice the Nuraghe S. Sabina standing next to the Romanesque church of S. Sabina, where a stop is mandatory. The site is fascinating for its secluded location in the vast plateau, and for the testimony of the millennial turnover of civilizations and religions on the island. The architecture of the church, which dates back to centuries X-XI, but unique in the vast panorama of Sardinian Romanesque style, is characterized by its archaisms. Also known as “Santa Sarbana” in Sardinian language, the building plan with three apses rooms that remind the “cellae trichorae” architecture of ancient Rome; then Byzantine influence is evident throughout the monument and the unusual circular design of the central compartment, while the two sides are squared (the left one is rebuilt).

The boundless landscape of pastures and stone walls, which leads to the mountains of Gennargentu is further enriched by the homonymous Nuraghe, presumably dating back to XI-XIV century BC. It is a typical single tower at one level, built with huge blocks of basalt. The cell is shaped in Tholos, 8.50 m high, with three niches and internal staircase. Rising to the terrace is recommended, with caution as there are no remaining parapet, height is 10.40 m, to enjoy the splendid view.

Outside the village, heading south and taking the direction Dualchi sp6, after about 4 km, you can find the Nuraghe Corbos. This is a nuraghe site on top of a cliff in a place named “Merches Enturzos”. The Nuraghe were found near the remains of circular stone walls, probably the huts of a prehistoric village.

Not far from nuraghe Corbos are two Graves of Giants now half-ruined. One of these, Sa Pedra Longa, was originally surrounded by 12 bethyls, 5 of which were passed in the courtyard of the church of San Lorenzo in Silanus.

Remaining in the area but moving towards the plateau, at “Sa Tanca” site is another Nuraghe called “S'Ulivera”. It is believed that its implementation is done in two phases. Originally, in fact, it was a corridor proto nuraghe, amended at a later time in a single tower with a “tholos” dome.

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Bed and Breakfast MATTARIGHE

Mattarighe - Bed and Breakfast -Informazioni e contatti

Loc. Mattarighe snc
08017 - Silanus (NU)

Tel. +39 0785.84671
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+39 0785.84671

Cellulare: +39 348.7449371 Loredana
Cellulare:
+39 349.6893551 Sig.ra Agostina

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